byimswl khwxIkwr virEwm isMG sMDU

ijd vI kdy pMjwbI khwxI dI gSl qurI hY q¢ muV-iGV ky gSl kulvMq isMG ivrk ’qy Ew itkdI rhI hY. kI pMjwbI khwxI ivrk dI khwxI qoN ESgy geI hY j¢ nhIN?- ieh pRÈn Eksr bihs dw muSdw bxdw irhw hY.

inrsMdyh, kulvMq isMG ivrk pMjwbI khwxI dw EwdrÈ sI, mwpdMf sI. pMjwbI khwxI dw mwx sI. auh ieSko-ieSk khwxIkwr sI, ijs nUM Ewlock qy sB nvyN-purwxy khwxI lyKk srvoqm khwxIkwr kihMidE¢ kdy vI nhIN sn ihckcwey, sgoN aus dI au¥qmqw dw iËkr kridE¢ gOrv mihsUs krdy sn. auh eynw au¥cw sI ik aus nwl koeI eIrÉw kr hI nhIN skdw. eIrÉw q¢ ‘au¥nI-ieSkI’ dy Ìrk vwilE¢ ivckwr ho skdI hY. aus dI bulMdI ’qy q¢ bSs mwx kIqw jw skdw sI.

auh ieSko-ieSk Eijhw pMjwbI khwxIkwr sI, ijs ny kyvl qy kyvl khwxIE¢ ilK ky eynw snmwnXog Q¢ hwsl kIqw qy aunH¢ Ewlock¢ dy isD¢q ESgy svwlIEw inÈwn lw idSqw, ijhVy inSkI khwxI nUM mnuSKI Bwv¢ dy pRgtw dw sImq swihq rUp mMndy hn qy kihMdy hn ik koeI lyKk nwvl ilK ky hI mhwn ho skdw hY.

pr bqOr khwxIkwr ivrk dI mhwnqw srv pRvwnq hY.
ivrk dy Ewaux nwl pMjwbI khwxI ny ieSk nvIN krvt leI. auh boldw igEw, EsIN kIlIdy gey. auhdy Èbd¢ ivclI ilÈk swfy EMdr hI cwnx dI lIk bx ky nw PYlI, sgoN auh cwnx swfy idl-idmwÊ ivcoN guËrdw hoieEw, swfy Ewly-duEwly bYTy lok¢ dy EMqr mn dy hnyirE¢ nUM vI ruÈnwaux lSgw. iËMdgI dI DVkdI rONE swfy EMdrly qy bwhrly jgq dy Ewr-pwr cSlxI ÈurU ho geI qy aus dI khwxI pVHidE¢ swfy mn¢ EMdr smwjk mnuSKI jIvn nUM pihl¢ nwloN vSD qIbrqw nwl jwnx dI rucI pYdw ho geI.
ivrk ny jdoN khwxI ilKxI ÈurU kIqI, audoN pRgqIvwd dw bol-bwlw sI qy pRqIbSD lyKk¢ dIE¢ bhuqIE¢ khwxIE¢ inÈcq isD¢q j¢ ivcwr nUM isSD krn leI ilKIE¢ geIE¢. khwxI ivc pyÈ ivcwr¢ nUM pwqr¢ dy jIvn Eqy aunH¢ dy prspr sbMD¢ dy sihj rUp¢ ivcoN sihjy hI pRgt Eqy pRkwÈq krn dI Q¢ aunH¢ ’qy QoipEw pRqIq huMdw sI. ieMJ vSfI mwqrw ivc ilKI jw rhI khwxI ‘isrjxw’ dI Q¢ ‘GwVq’ mihsUs huMdI sI. ieh khwxIE¢ ‘klwikRq¢’ nwloN ‘pRcwr ikRq¢’ vDyry lSgdIE¢ sn.

pr ivrk nUM swihq ivc ieh ÈorIlw pRcwr psMd nhIN sI. aus nUM khwxI rwhIN pRcwr krnw ies qrH¢ lSgdw sI, ‘‘ijvyN koeI hvweI jhwË ESgy FSgy jo ky aus nUM qUVI Fox leI vrqy qy ies qrH¢ ieSk ÈkqIÈwlI mÈInrI nUM nkwrw kr dyvy. klwkwr nUM smwj dI au¥nqI ivc Ewpxw ihSsw bqOr klwkwr dy hI pwxw cwhIdw hY, bqOr pRcwrk nhIN.’’

ieMJ ivrk dI ivlSKxqw aus nUM ies gSl dI smJ hox ivc sI ik lyKk khwxI dy ivc hovy j¢ khwxI, lyKk dy ivc. ieMJ auh khwxI dy vSs ivc ho ky khwxIE¢ ilKdw irhw hY. pRgqIvwd dy vihx ivc ruVHn dI Q¢ ieSk pwsy Klox dw Bwv ieh nhIN sI ik auh Eg¢hvDU nhIN sI. auh klw dy smwjk ErQ¢ qoN BlIB¢q sucyq sI qy lyKk nUM ‘pql cMmw’ qy ‘smwj dw kMf mMnx vwlw Bwg’ kihMdw sI. aus Enuswr lyKk hmyÈw ÊrIb¢ dw swQI huMdw hY, ikauNik hor lok¢ nwloN aus nUM ÊrIbI dw Eihsws qy duSK iËEwdw hY. ÈyRxI vMf Eqy luSty QuVy lok¢ dy duSK¢-suSK¢, EwÈwv¢-inrwÈwv¢ dw icSqr aus ny bVI klwqmkqw nwl iKSicEw hY, pr ikDry vI pRcwr dw EMÈ nhIN. ‘muSFoN-suSFoN’, ‘ibgwnI cIË’, ‘pMjwh rupey’, ‘ieSk PyrI’, ‘kÈt invwrx’, ‘nOkr’, ‘mwv¢-DIE¢’, ‘swbx dI icSpr’, ‘lSK¢-kroV¢ rupeIEw’ Ewid Enyk¢ EijhIE¢ khwxIE¢ hn, ijnH¢ ivcoN ÊrIb lok¢ pRqI aus dI hmdrdI pRgt huMdI hY. auh aunH¢ nwl ho rhI byienswÌI dy ivruSD hY. pr aus dw ieh pRgtw inrol khwxIkwr dw sihj sMquilq qy klwqmk pRgtw hY-horn¢ pRgqIvwdIE¢ v¢g aupBwvk, ÈorIlw qy pRcwrk pRgtw nhIN.

ieMJ ivrk iksy pwrtI nwl nhIN bSJdw, sgoN isSDw mnuSKqw nwl Ewpxw nwqw joVdw hY. inrMqr ivkws dI pRikirEw dw hwxI ho ky auh luSty QuVHy lok¢ dy pSK ivc KloNdw hY. ExgOly lok¢ nUM Eiq Bwvukqw qy Eiqkruxw qoN inrlyp ho ky swhnuBUqI qy suihrdqw nwl icqrdw hY. ieSk mwnvvwdI khwxIkwr dy qOr ’qy aus ny mnuSKI duSK¢ drd¢ nUM pCwixEw hY. mnuSK dI pIV EnuBv krn qy pRgtwaux ivc auh kwmXwb irhw hY. ‘DrqI hyTlw bOlHd’, ‘s¢J’, ‘KSbl’, ‘aulHwmw’ Ewid khwxIE¢ ivc aus ny Ewpxw pwqr¢ dI pIV nwl fUMGI s¢J pw ky aunH¢ nUM ies FMg nwl pyÈ kIqw ik pwTk mn ’qy ies drd dw Eiq gihrw pRBwv ipEw.

mwnvvwdI suBwE kwrn aus ny mnuSK nUM nwiek j¢ Klnwiek dy rUp ivc pyÈ nhIN kIqw, sgoN swDwrn ivEkqI dy qOr ’qy auhdy gux¢, EOgux¢, kmËorIE¢ Eqy ÉUbIE¢ smyq smuScy rUp ivc EiDEYn dw ivÈw bxwieEw. ‘qUVI dI pMf’, ‘aujwV’, ‘mwstr Bolw rwm’ Ewid khwxIE¢ dy muSK pwqr¢ dy ivcwr¢ nwl ivrk sihmq nhIN, pr auh aunH¢ pRqI nÌrq j¢ guSsw pRgt krn dI Q¢ isrÌ aunH¢ ’qy muskrwauNdw hY; ijvyN koeI nOjvwn Ewpxy iksy bËurg dI Ëmwny qoN pCVI gSl sux ky muskrw CSfy qy kih CSfy, ‘‘hux quhwfw Ëmwnw lMG igEw hY.’’
ies qrH¢ bdldy smwjk-EwrQk pRbMD ivc jgIrU kImq¢ dI ExaupBogqw nUM aunH¢ kImq¢ dw smrQn krdy pwqr¢ rwhIN hI isSD kr ivKwauxw qy aunH¢ pwqr¢ nwl nÌrq vI nw hox dyxI, auhdI ivlSKxqw hY.

ijhVI sB qoN vSfI gSl ivrk dI khwxI ivc hY, auh hY khwxI ivclw ienswn. BwvyN auh ÈyRxIE¢ dI gSl kr irhw hovy, BwvyN ilMg sbMD¢ dI qy BwvyN pyNfU j¢ ÈihrI jIvn dy iksy EnuBv dI, auhdI khwxI ivcoN ‘mnuSK’ kdy Kwrj nhIN huMdw Eqy auhdI nËr mnuSK dy bwhr hI nhIN, aus dy EMdr vI itkdI hY. ieh sMquln rSKx krky hI auh mnuSKI vqIry nUM XQwrQk FMg nwl pRgtwauNdw hoieEw ‘mnuSKI vqIry’ dw lyKk bxdw hY. mnuSKI vqIrw pl-pl bdldw vI rihMdw hY, ÈÉsIEq bdldI rihMdI hY. mnuSKI vqIry dy ipSCy kMm kr rhy pRyrk¢ dw EiDEYn krnw lyKk leI ËrUrI ho j¢dw hY. ivrk ienH¢ pRyrk¢ ’qy pRkwÈ pwauNdw hY. ‘rSj nw koeI jIivEw’ ivc ijvyN ikvyN ieSk EOrq dw ipEwr j¢ auhdI suMdrqw dw Eihsws mnuSKI vqIry ivc pirvrqn ilEwauNdw hY. ieMJ hI ‘do Ewny dw Gwh’, ‘iÈMgwr’, ‘Cwh vylw’, ‘mym dI khwxI’, ‘eyks ky hm bwirk’, ‘ieh duSD qyrw’ Ewid khwxIE¢ mnuSKI vqIry dw brIkI nwl EiDEYn pyÈ krn vwlIE¢ khwxIE¢ hn. pRvwinq sdwcwr dI aulMGxw krn vwly pwqr vI swfy ipEwr Eqy hmdrdI dy pwqr hI rihMdy hn. ivrk ny ivEkqI dy idl dy KUMjy ivc bYTy jËibE¢ nUM pRgtwaux ivc vMngI pYdw kIqI hY. auh eynw EklmMd hY ik ienH¢ luky-iCpy jËibE¢ nUM jwxdw hY. ‘AprI DrqI’ dw hËwrw isMG cor hox krky vI swfI nÌrq dw pwqr nhIN bxdw. ieMJ hI ‘pqI’ dI nwiekw imMnI iBRÈt hox dy bwvjUd pqI dy igRÌqwr ho jwx ipSCoN Ewpxy EMdrlw inSG qy mnuSKIpn ivKw ky swfy ipEwr Eqy hmdrdI dw pwqr bx j¢dI hY. ‘pOxw EwdmI’ j¢ ‘mYnUM jwxnY?’ khwxI dy pwqr jo Apry vyKx vwly nUM hIxy qy iGnwauxy lSgdy hn; Esl ivc pwTk dI hmdrdI dy pwqr hI rihMdy hn.
Eijhy pwqr¢ pRqI hmdrdI rSKx ipSCy ivrk dI suihrdqw kMm krdI hY. suihrdqw ivrk dIE¢ khwxIE¢ dw muSF qoN hI lSCx irhw hY. ‘duSD dw CSpV’ ivc cwcy-qwey dy puSqr Brw duÈmxI dI lIk nUM au¥QoN qSk jw CUMhdy hn ik fr lSgx lSgdw hY ik siQqI hux vI PtI ik PtI. pr ivrk dI qy aus dy rwhIN auhdy pwqr¢ dI suihrdqw huMdI-huMdI lVweI nUM twl idMdI hY qy swnUM jwpdw hY, ijvyN swfy Ewpxy nwl vwprn vwlw koeI duK¢q tl igEw hovy, ‘DrqI hyTlw bOlHd’ ivc mwJy dy hI nhIN, swry sMswr dy ikrswn¢ dI pIV nUM jr jwx dI ÈkqI nUM drswieEw hY.

jIvn dy qlÉ Eqy kurSÉq rUp nUM vI ivrk ny icqirEw hY. ijSQy ‘qUVI dI pMf’ qy ‘aujwV’ n¢ dIE¢ khwxIE¢ KyrUM-KyrUM ho rhy pyNfU BweIcwry nUM ivEkqI dy EnuBv ivc Ew irhw pyÈ krdw hY, au¥Qy ‘mYnUM jwxnYN?’, ‘Cwh vylw’ qy ‘cwcw’ ivc EiqRpq kwmnwv¢ dy mnuSKI cirSqr leI Gwqk pSK¢ nUM auGwVdw hY. auhdIE¢ khwxIE¢ dI ieh ivlSKxqw hY ik auh mOq qy iËMdgI ivclI sdIvI kÈmkÈ nUM itkw ivc inÈcq kr skx dy Xqn ivc hY q¢ ik ies jSdo-jihd dI khwxI s¢JI hwr dI khwxI nw bx jwvy. vMf nwl sbMDq khwxIE¢ ivc auh mnuSK nUM inrw cirSqr krn vwly pSK nUM auGwV ky jIvn dI ijaUNdy rihx dI lwlsw qy smrSQw nUM pRgtwauNdw hY. ies iBEwnk duK¢q ivcoN vI auhny swrQkqw lSBx dw auprwlw kIqw. iesy krky auhdy pwqr ijaUx jogy qy krmÈIl hn. auh inrwÈw dIE¢ KSf¢ ivc nhIN ifSgy rihMdy, sgoN ‘KSbl’ khwxI dI nwiekw v¢g Eiq dy iBEwnk qy ivroDI hwlq¢ ivc vI iËMdgI nwl juVy rihx dI rIJ dw pRqIk bx inSbVdy hn.

ivrk dI ivlSKxqw ies gSl ivc vI hY ik ijhVy inSky-inSky iKEwl, Gtnwv¢ j¢ qSQ EsIN Ewm qOr ’qy ExgOly hI CSf j¢dy h¢, ivrk brIk nËr¢ nwl aunH¢ nUM vyKdw hY, pCwxdw hY qy pkV lYNdw hY, ijvyN imknwqIs lohy nUM Ewpxy vSl iKSc lYNdw hY. swDwrn ivEkqI leI auh sB BwvyN mhSqvpUrn nw lSgy, pr ivrk dI klm dI pwrs CUh nwl sB cmk au¥Tdw hY. ‘ibgwnI cIË’ ivc mnormw dw kuVI hSQoN pYnsl rKwauxw, ‘nvyN lok’ ivc mkwn-mwlk EOrq nwl pRoÌYsr qy auhdy imSqr dI gSlbwq, ‘ÈyrnIE¢’ ivc rwq nUM kuVIE¢ dI pwrk ivc swiekl clwauxw Ewid gSl¢ q¢ BwvyN inSkIE¢-inSkIE¢ jwpdIE¢ hn, pr ivrk dI ivÈyÈqw ieh sI ik auh ienH¢ ivcoN ErQ vSfy-vSfy kSF lYNdw sI.

ivrk dI ieSk ivÈyÈqw ieh vI sI ik auh XQwrQ qoN dUr nhIN sI j¢dw. auhdI khwxI pVH ky EsIN ieMJ nhIN kih skdy ik ieh gSl ho eI nhIN skdI. pr ies dw Bwv ieh nhIN ik ivrk iËMdgI dI idSsdI EslIEq nUM hUbhU pyÈ kr idMdw sI. auh lyKk nUM ÌotogRwÌr dI Q¢ qy icSqrkwr nwl qulnw idMdw sI, ijhVw ik iËMdgI ’coN pRwpq XQwrQ nUM EwDwr bxw ky klpnw dI burÈ CUh¢ nwl auh XQwrQ dI BrvIN qy swmSgr qsvIr pyÈ krdw hY.

ipEwr Eqy ilMg sbMD¢ pRqI auhdw rvSeIEw qwËgI BirEw sI. bdldy pdwrQk hwlq¢ dy pRsMg ivc ipEwr Eqy ilMg sbMD¢ pRqI bdldy sMklp aus ny pMjwbI pwTk¢ swhmxy pyÈ kIqy. ipEwr Eqy ilMg sbMD¢ dw iËkr kridE¢ auh bhuq GSt aulwr hoieEw. aus Enuswr EOrq dy swQ dI loV bVI suBwvk hY. EOrq dy swQ ivcoN pRwpq hoey ipEwr dy hulwry (Cwh vylw, ausy krky, rSj nw koeI jIivEw) qy ibn¢ swQ qoN pYdw hoeI EiqRpqI (cwcw, Cwh vylw) nUM ibEwn kridE¢ ivrk kwm ieSCw dI suBwvk pUrqI dy hSk ivc EwvwË auTwauNdw hY. auh smJdw sI ik ijhVI gSl lSK¢ idl¢ ivc DVkdI hY, auhnUM swihq ivc pyÈ krnw mnH¢ nhIN hoxw cwhIdw. ipEwr sbMDI auhdw nËrIEw EwdrÈvwdI nhIN. auh nvIN sSiBEqw dI gSl krdw hY, ijs ivc pRymI j¢ pRyimkw kuJ idn¢ leI hI j¢ kuJ GVIE¢ leI hI ieSk-dUjy dy hn qy iPr nvyN pihny ilbws v¢g koeI nv¢ ipEwr pRvwn krn leI iqEwr ho j¢dy hn. ‘swbx’, ‘idSlI dI kuVI’, ‘sOkx’, ‘GuMf’, ‘aUT’, ‘mwiKAN dI CSlI’, ‘swgr qy inrmlw’ Ewid ipEwr qy ilMg vqIry nUM pRgtwauNdIE¢ khwxIE¢ hn. pr ipEwr qy ilMg dw iËkr kridE¢ auh ivEkqI nUM aulwr hox qoN vI bcwauNdw hY. ‘kuSqw qy hSfI’, ‘coNBV’, ‘mSCr’ Ewid khwxIE¢ ivc auh EiqRpqI dy vhwE ivc ruVHdy j¢dy ivEkqIE¢ ’qy sUÉm ivEMg vI krdw hY.

ivrk dI khwxI dw sB qoN au¥GVv¢ qy mhSqvpUrn pihlU ivrk tSpy dy ipMf¢ dy mwiDEm rwhIN smuScy pMjwb dy ipMf¢ dw ieSk Brv¢ qy klwqmk icSqr pyÈ krnw hY. pyNfU lok¢ dI mwniskqw dI fUMGI smJ qy sUÉm CUh¢ nwl aus dI pyÈkwrI byimswl hY. myry nËdIk jy ivrk dI khwxI dI mhSqqw hY q¢ ipMf nwl sbMDq aus dIE¢ icrMjIvI khwxIE¢ isrjx krky hI hY. pMjwb dw ipMf auhdI rUh ivc isrijEw hoieEw sI. ipMf ivc plx dw aus dy ilKx FMg ’qy vI bVw gUVHw Esr ipEw. eysy krky aus dI khwxI ivc ‘klwkwrI’ dy bnwvtI KlypV nhIN huMdy. DImy bol¢ ivc aucycqw qoN ibnw auh bVy sihj FMg nwl khwxI ilKdw sI. auhdy isrjy pwqr swnUM Ewpxy sky-sbMDI lSgdy sn, swfy Ewpxy EMdr dw koeI totw jwpdy sn. ivrk ny ienH¢ pwqr¢ Eqy aunH¢ dI iËMdgI nUM fwFy moh nwl, fUMGI nIJ nwl nyVy ho ky vyiKEw qy smiJEw. auh Boly-Bwly jSt¢ vwlI swdgI nwl gSl ÈurU krdw, cusq piVHE¢-iliKE¢ vwlI brIk sUJ dI nÈqr nwl mnuSKI mn Eqy iËMdgI dIE¢ ipVIE¢ auDyVdw quirEw j¢dw. mnuSKI mn qy iËMdgI nUM eynI swdgI nwl smJx qy smJwaux dI klw ’qy kwbU hox krky auh horn¢ qoN invyklw qy au¥cw KVoqw hY.

ipMf bwry eynIE¢ ÉUbsUrq khwxIE¢ ilK ky vI Ejy auhnUM rSj nhIN sI EwieEw. auh ies dy bwry ieSk BrpUr nwvl ilKxw cwhuMdw sI. EsIN bVI qIbrqw nwl aufIk krdy, pr ‘EicMqy bwË’ Ew pYx krky swnUM auh nwvl pRwpq nw ho sikEw.

dyÈ dI vMf qoN ipSCoN vI aus ny EwpxIE¢ khwxIE¢ dw EwDwr Ewpxy purwxy ipMf nUM aus leI hI bxweI rSiKEw, ikauNik auh ipMf dy jIvn Eqy bolI nUM nyiVAN jwxdw sI. aus dy rUpk Eqy aupmwv¢ sB pyNfU jIvn ivcoN hI EwauNdy sn. aus ny ‘syKoN’ v¢g pyNfU jIvn dIE¢ isrÌ EwrQk smSisEwv¢ hI nhIN leIE¢, sgoN mukMml rUp ivc pyNfU BweIcwry nUM icqrx dw Xqn kIqw. pyNfU lok¢ dI suihrdqw, inrBYqw qy mwnvvwdI inSG nUM aus ny pyÈ kIqw. ipMf dy sMgiTq BweIcwry nUM icqirEw, ijs ivc jwq-brwdrI, Ewpxw ipMf qy ibÊwnw ipMf Ewid dy JgVy vI sn, pr iPr vI swrw ipMf ieSk pirvwr v¢g rihMdw sI. Pyr nvIE¢ pUMjIvwdI kImq¢ dy pRvyÈ nwl iqVkdw BweIcwrw, pyNfU sihxÈIlqw, CiVE¢, cor¢ qy hlvwhk¢ dw jIvn ibEwn kridE¢ auhny aunH¢ ’qy huMdy Ëulm dw nkÈw vI iKSicEw. ‘qUVI dI pMf’, ‘aujwV’, ‘DrqI hyTlw bOlHd’, ‘Cwh vylw’, ‘duSD dw CSpV’, ‘AprI DrqI’, ‘KSbl’, ‘aulHwmw’, ‘cwcw’ Ewid Enyk¢ EijhIE¢ khwxIE¢ hn, ijnH¢ ivc ipMf dw idl DVkdw hY.

EwpxIE¢ brIk ESK¢ nwl auhny iËMdgI dIE¢ brIkIE¢ nUM vyiKEw qy icqirEw. ieh icSqr Emr ho gey. ivrk vI Emr ho igEw.
inrsMdyh, nvIN pMjwbI khwxI ivc EnuBv dI ivÈwlqw Eqy pyÈkwrI dI nvInqw hY. pr ivrk swfI pMjwbI khwxI dI pSkI, mËbUq Eqy mwxXog nINh hY qy cMgI nINh ibn¢ kdy cMgy mihl nhIN ausrdy. jy ESj koeI au¥cw idSs vI irhw hY q¢ aus dy pYr¢ hyT¢ ivrk dy hSQ hn. auh swfI khwxI hyTlw ‘blHd’ sI.
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BwvyN myrI soc Eqy cyqw, ijhVw myrI lyKxI dw EwDwr hn, bhuqw Ewpxy ipMf ivcoN EwieEw hY. mYnUM kdy ieh iKEwl nhIN Ew skdw ik EwpxI koeI pusqk Ewpxy ipMf dy lok¢ nUM GSl¢. inSkIE¢-inSkIE¢ gSl¢ bwry eynIE¢ lMmIE¢-cOVIE¢ ilKq¢ aunH¢ nUM EjIb lSgxgIE¢.
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